CRATEX Gunsmithing Tools

Equipment & High-Quality Abrasives for Gunsmithing

Gunsmithing is an impressive calling which requires passion, calmness, precision and accuracy. It is also a culmination of different sets of skills: knowledge in different types of firearms and their history, their design, function & repair, operating machines like a lathe or a mill, re-barreling and customizing rifles, refinishing firearms, mastering advanced skills and techniques, like welding, and lastly, knowledge in becoming successful in the gunsmith business.

But, no matter whether you are a five-star master gunsmith who works on guns for a living, or whether you take it as a hobby, you’re going to need some good-quality tools to get the job done.

This article is going to show you what it takes to be a gunsmith of any level and how CRATEX products fit in your gunsmithing work.

Gunsmithing Tools

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CRATEX Products for Gunsmithing

Chapter 1

CRATEX Products for Gunsmithing

Chapter 2

Chapter 2

Interview With a Gunsmith - Bill Poole from POOLE’S GUNSMITHING

What does it take to be a Gunsmith?

Chapter 3

What does it take to be a Gunsmith?

Top 5 Essential Gunsmithing Tools

Chapter 4

Top 5 Essential Gunsmithing Tools

CHAPTER 5

CHAPTER 5

How to Jewel a Rifle Bolt

Chapter 6

Chapter 6

Gunsmith Salary

Chapter 7

Chapter 7

Gunsmith Schools

CRATEX Products for Gunsmithing

CHAPTER 1

CRATEX Products for Gunsmithing

CRATEX Abrasives and other CRATEX products are perfect tools for gunsmithing and their place in workshops of many gunsmiths has been well-earned over the years.

CRATEX rubber bonded abrasives are made of high-quality silicon carbide and are perfect for operations like: removing rust from old firearms, removing trigger serrations, removing stretches, rounding edges, cleaning up worn or damaged pistol and rifle markings and engravings, polishing flash pan, bolts and feed ramps, smoothing surface and getting almost mirror finish, jeweling a rifle bolt or pistol barrel, etc.

CRATEX abrasives come in four standard grit textures which differ in color: Course (green), Medium (dark brown), Fine (reddish brown) and Extra Fine (grey green). However, there is also the possibility to modify standard shapes and grits and get a modified abrasive tool that fits your needs much better.

Below you’ll find some of the CRATEX products widely used as gunsmith tools and equipment.

Bill Poole, CEO at Poole’s Gunsmithing

CRATEX is by far the very best. I say this because CRATEX offers a vast variety of abrasive grits, types, and shapes to match my projects. The quality of the CRATEX products affords me the opportunity to provide my customers with the best quality product. Without the CRATEX products our work would be so much more labor intensive.

Bill Poole, CEO at Poole’s Gunsmithing

1. CRATEX Small Wheels

Cratex Small Grinding Wheels

CRATEX small abrasive wheels are used for fine metal polishing, smoothing, deburring and many other uses in customizing and modifying guns. Small grinding wheels can be used for after hammer spur removal to create a nice, even surface on the back of the hammer. After that, sanding abrasives can be used to remove previous grinding marks and for contouring, and at the end, progressively finer grit wheels for polishing. Of course, small wheels can be used for polishing other parts of the firearm as well, like the trigger.

Order Small Wheels

SKU Diameter Thickness Arbor Hole Edge
Q1 3/8" 3/32" 1/16" Tapered
Q53 5/8" 3/32" 1/16" Straight
Q54 5/8" 1/8" 1/16" Straight
Q59 5/8" 1/4" 1/16" Straight
Q74 7/8" 1/8" 1/16" Straight
Q80 1" 1/8" 1/16" Straight
Q80-2 1" 1/8" 1/8" Straight
Q86 1" 3/16" 1/16" Straight
Q88 1" 1/4" 1/16" Straight
Q88-2 1" 1/4" 1/8" Straight
Q2 5/8" 3/32" 1/16" Tapered
Q5 1" 1/8" 1/16" Tapered
SKU Price Quantity
sku $price
Quantity Price per piece

2. MX Abrasives

MX Abrasives CRATEX

CRATEX MX abrasives are cotton-fiber aluminum-oxide laminate-bond products, which are much more aggressive than CRATEX rubber-bond abrasives. Their most prominent characteristics are the ability to hold shape and cutting action, so they are used for more aggressive prep work. MX abrasives are perfect for removing tooling marks left on parts from milling. 

Recommendation: Use MX cone-shaped abrasives to remove marks and then use a fine rubber-cone for a smooth finish. 

 

Bill Poole - Arizona Custom Firearms

MX is perfect for removing tooling marks left on parts from milling. Feed ramps on pistols that have machine gouges on the ramps cause jamming. Use MX cone shape to remove marks and then polish with the fine rubber cone or hard felt with the right compound.

Bill Poole - Arizona Custom Firearms

3. CRATEX Points & Cones

Abrasive Points Cones

CRATEX abrasive points & cones are shaped and ready to use for polishing even hard-to-reach delicate firearm parts and angles. Easily carved, they are perfect to get into corners and rails. They can be used on a grinding tools for creating an even surface after metal removal jobs, like removing a revolver hammer spur, for working on the receiver to make the new bolt handle fit properly, for removing trigger serrations, for feed ramp work, for flare/fair ejection port work, throating the barrel, etc.

Order Points

SKU Shape Length Diameter Arbor Hole
Q8 Bullet Point 1" 9/32" 1/16"
Q10 Bullet Point 5/8" 3/8" 1/16"
Q11 Bullet Point 1" 3/8" 1/8"
Q15 Bullet Point 7/8" 1/2" 1/8"
Q4 Cylinder 1/2" 1/4" 1/16"
Q6 Cylinder 7/8" 1/4" 1/16"
Q12 Tapered 7/8" 3/8" to 5/16" 1/8"
Q14 Tapered 7/8" 5/8" to 1/8" 1/8"
SKU Price Quantity
sku $price
Quantity Price per piece

RecommendedCRATEX Kit No. 777 – Small wheels, points and mandrels

This kit contains a total of 80 different tapered edge and straight wheels, and bullet and cylinder points plus two wheels and 2 point mandrels, separated in four compartments by each grit texture for easy selection. This way, you can have all the tools you need for polishing, smoothing, grinding and deburring work on your firearm in one place.

RecommendedCRATEX Kit No. 227 – Cones and mandrels

This kit contains 18 CRATEX Cones (tapered, cylinder, pointed and bullet cones) in two grits (coarse and fine) and two No. 1341 cone mandrels. Excellent kit for grinding and polishing work on pistol or rifle when you need to reach some hard-to-reach surfaces or spaces.

4. CRATEX Abrasive Rods

Abrasive Engine turning Rods

CRATEX rods have various purposes in gunsmith work. One of the popular usages is jeweling a rifle bolt. The rifle bolt is mounted on machines like Jeweling Indexer or Wheeler Engineering Bolt Jeweling Fixture. The jeweling swirls are made by abrasive rods, which are placed in Drill Press Quill tubes. The bolt is then placed below the press, and rods are gently lowered down to touch the rifle bolt for a couple of seconds to create a jewel. The process is repeated for as many times needed to cover the entire surface of the rifle bolt.

Gunsmith Sanding Rods

Order Round Sticks

SKU Length Cross Section
Q036 6" 3/16"
Q046 6" 1/4"
Q056 6" 5/16"
Q066 6" 3/8"
Q086 6" 1/2"
Q0106 6" 5/8"
Q0126 6" 3/4"
Q0146 6" 7/8"
Q0166 6" 1"
SKU Price Quantity
sku $price
Quantity Price per piece

Centerless CRATEX rods can also be used with Menck Damascening Tool that supports the whole length of the rod. Thanks to the extended design, this tool will allow jeweling around parts like firearm bolt handles or locking lugs. The abrasive rod has a close size control, a feature that will make the "swirls" always equal.

5. CRATEX Abrasive Blocks/Sticks

Gunsmith Abrasive Blocks Sticks

Abrasive blocks are an item that every gunsmith should own. Coarse grit silicon carbide blocks and sticks are great for removing material or sharpening tools, fast work when the fineness of the cutting edge is not so important. A beginner gunsmith should probably keep a distance from coarse grits and stick to medium or fine stones, which remove material smoothly and softly without digging into the surface. The extra fine grit can be used for putting a finish on firearm parts that are made from metal. Depending on the work, a gun smith can start with the coarse grit and work his way through the grits to the extra fine finish.

CRATEX also offers dressing blocks, which are important if you own a Grinder. Dressing blocks will keep the grinding wheel surface clean and square.

 

6. CRATEX Large Wheels

Cratex Large Grinding Wheels

For every serious gunsmith, Grinder is one of the top must-have power tools, and CRATEX 6” large grinding wheels can make a perfect package in cases when you are doing cleaning, surfacing, polishing or grinding work. You’ll use this power tool and wheels every time you need to re-shape parts (like recoil pads), sharpen or modify your tools, shorten springs and screws, take off the rust.

Belt Sander is another power tool which is a money well spent. Besides the belt, the machine has a sanding wheel on the side, which is excellent for operations like sanding the rifle stock to fit recoil pads or for shaping them. Of course, a wide sander belt can also be used for stock sanding.

7. CRATEX Moto-Tool and Rotary Handpiece Attachments

Moto-Tools

Moto-tools are quite handy in a gunsmith workshop for doing a wide variety of small chores, and CRATEX tools are a perfect fit for Foredom or Dremel rotary machines. These tools allow you to mount a variety of different size of attachments suitable for engraving and polishing, mounting grinding stones, cut-off bits, etc.

As a gunsmith, you will certainly also need a small hand-held rotary tool. CRATEX offers a lightweight, stainless steel, high-quality and precision air tool called CRATEX Rotary Handpiece, which in combination with CRATEX abrasive and cut-off wheels, points and cones are used for precision grinding, cutting, finishing and polishing operations on firearms. The small power tool can be used for shaping stocks, modifying parts, cutting slots in screws, polishing internal parts, cutting off metal pieces and cutting holes in your firearms, etc.

CARTEX tools can also be mounted on rotary pieces of different manufacturers, like Dremel, Craftsman, Foredom, etc. in case that’s what you currently have in your workshop. But, if not, CRATEX Rotary Handpiece is a tool to invest in.

8. SPEDECUT Cut-Off Wheels

Spedecut Abrasives

Spedecut resin-bonded abrasives are double-reinforced cut-off wheels with high tensile strength fiberglass layers on both sides that can be mounted on a hand grinder and used for grinding or cutting off firearm metal parts. For example, Spedecut can be used for making cuts in the receiver while working on de-milling of the trigger guard, cutting off hammer spur, cutting off existing bolt handle to later install a new one, or cut off inadequate factory bolt knobs to replace them with the ones that can provide faster operation.

Interview With a Gunsmith

CHAPTER 2

Interview with an Expert Gunsmith (Bill Poole) - CRATEX Article Series

Welcome, Bill! And thanks for accepting to do this interview with us. Could you please tell us a bit about yourself, maybe something we can’t find on your website?

- My hobbies have always included firearms, however my second love is motorcycles. I have experienced road driving, hill climbing, flat track and motocross racing. Fishing and other outdoor activities have been enjoyed during my lifetime. Last but considered the most important is my sole-mate/wife, Debbie. We met in high school and have been together through all of life sharing business and pleasure. I have been trained as a machinist, certified welder in metal and plastics and experienced in most home remodeling tasks. I have held a patent in plastic welding equipment and I’m considered an expert in containment products for concrete joints. I was CEO of J P Specialties, Inc. for a 35-year period.

How long have you been working as a gunsmith? Can you describe your beginnings?

- I have been gunsmithing for over 35 years. When I moved from the Illinois to San Clemente, California in 1982 I discovered the San Clemente Trap & Skeet Club. After joining the club I participated in many trap and skeet shoots. Many of the club shooters brought me their shotguns for repair or modification. We opened our first retail store in San Clemente and began working with the local police departments and military from Camp Pendelton doing repairs. Several years later we expanded our business and moved to Laguna Niguel. In 1989 we moved the business to Lake Elsinore, California where we purchased a 5,000 sf building. In 2012 I was retired and we moved to Prescott, Arizona. 3 years later we moved to Wickenburg, Arizona where I came out of retirement and opened our new 2,200 sf retail gun store with complete gunsmithing service known as “Poole’s Gunsmithing/ Arizona Custom Firearms”.

Can you describe your (or your team's) day on the job as a gunsmith? Or your typical work week if more suitable?

- We have one full time, professional gunsmith who has over 14 years in special operations military experience whom we employ, my wife and myself. My day starts at 8 am and ends at 4pm. A day on the job is filled with multiple challenges of repairing/restoring all types of firearms. We have repaired firearms from the late 1800’s to present day. Since opening our new store in April 2017 we have repaired over 400 firearms. In the course of a day we are selling new, used or consignment guns. We handle transfers, background checks and discuss technical questions. All gun work is test fired in our bullet trap. We are authorized by the Game and Fish Department of Arizona to sell hunting and fishing licenses.

What gunsmith service do you provide the most at Poole’s Gunsmithing: repair, engraving, customization or some other? Do you work mostly with guns or rifles?

- At Poole’s Gunsmithing we repair all types of firearms and restore them to a safe shooting condition. In addition we discuss with our customers what type of custom firearm we can build to order. We offer long range rifles, target pistols or revolvers and concealed carry. We manufacture our own “Match” AR15 platform rifles/pistols. Our name “Poole’s” and our logo appear on the lower receiver. Poole’s works in conjunction with the best bluing service and engraving service, offering a full service gunsmithing shop.

Poole’s Gunsmithing/ Arizona Custom Firearms

What's the last project that you did that was especially challenging?

- The most challenging work is usually the older double barrel shotguns. These would be from the early 1900’s to 1940. There were many brand names that were private labeled for department stores and hardware stores. Obtaining schematics and parts is a challenge. These guns require custom made parts and hand fitting for each and every particular gun.

Gun Polishing With Cratex

Can you name the most important factors to become a successful gunsmith?

- Apprenticing, formal training, patience, testing your work before returning the gun to the customer. No short cuts. Upfront accurate quotations for your repairs.

What is your advice for those who just started with gunsmith school and career?

- Take the career seriously. Plan to work as many hours as necessary to provide quality work. Always remember the firearm you are working on can take a life or save a life; make sure it is reliable.

What are the essential gunsmithing tools in your shop you can’t work without?

Machinery would be a precision lathe, baldor buffer, disc & belt metal grinder, fordem motor/shaft, barrel vise, milling machine, abrasive blaster, heat treating furnace, air compressor and hundreds of specialty hand tools.

What type of abrasives do you use in your shop: rubber wheels, points, cones, etc.? Please describe the purpose of the use: polishing, grinding, finishing, etc. Why do you need abrasives and in what phases do you use them?

- Belts and discs for the grinder to remove metal fast. Hard 8” wheels for polishing flat surfaces and deburring on receivers and parts. Sewn cloth 8” for use on the buffer for polishing parts. Loose cloth for high luster polish on stainless steel parts. Baldor buffers are handy for polishing large parts.

Depending on the abrasive shape, what size (diameter) and grit type are mostly used by gunsmiths?

- When using a foredom shaft drive tool we use diameters of ¼” to 5/8”. The shape most common is a cone shape or drum shape. Rubber shapes in medium or fine to polish. MX for more aggressive prep work.

You use MX abrasives (aluminum oxide abrasives). What is the main difference (advantage) between those and rubber abrasives? Why other gunsmiths should try MX mounted wheels and cones?

- MX is perfect for removing tooling marks left on parts from milling. Feed ramps on pistols that have machine gouges on the ramps cause jamming. Use MX cone shape to remove marks and then polish with the fine rubber cone or hard felt with the right compound.

Did you try some other Cratex products, like Spedecut cut-off wheels or Brightboy abrasives?

- We use the Cratex small diameter round pencil shaft rods for jeweling metal parts.

How did you learn about CRATEX products? Official website, forum/blog, recommended by other gunsmiths?

- Started using Cratex abrasives in the mid 80’s after visiting “Tussey Custom” in Tustin, Ca. Terry Tussey is one of the best pistol smiths in the country and turned me on to Cratex. He now teaches gun smithing in Nevada.

When did you start using CRATEX abrasives?

- 1982

Why did you choose our products instead of some other manufacturer?

- Cratex is by far the very best. I say this because Cratex offers a vast variety of abrasive grits, types, and shapes to match my projects. The quality of the Cratex products affords me the opportunity to provide my customers with the best quality product. Without the Cratex products our work would be so much more labor intensive.

What do you like the most? A) Quality & Material? B) Price? C) Customer service? Other (describe main benefits using CRATEX abrasives)

A, B & C I like them all. The main benefit to Cratex is that it works!!!

Is there anything we could do to make you a more satisfied customer? (product improvement/online store/website/other)

- Yes, mount the rubber cones & drum shapes to a fixed shaft. This would prevent the rubber abrasive from dislodging from the existing shaft design.

Would you recommend CRATEX products to others, and if yes, how would the recommendation sound?

- You have tried other products, now buy Cratex for the results you have been looking for.

 

Top 5 Essential Gunsmith Tools

CHAPTER 4

Top 5 Essential Gunsmith Tools - CRATEX Article Series

As you might imagine, a serious gunsmith is always on a lookout for new tools and gadgets, and therefore, he owns an impressive selection of tools and machines which help him do his work and take his creations to the next level. However, even if you are not a professional or a gunsmith at all, but you own firearms and you wish to do minor work or modify your guns from time to time, you’re still going to need tools for gunsmithing.

In this line of work, there are some tools you cannot go without, so we focused on basic tools every gunsmith (both serious and weekend hobbyist) should own. Then, we thought about the non-gunsmiths as well, and came up with a list of Top 5 Must-Have gun Smith Tools.

1. Gunsmith Screwdrivers

Gunsmith Screwdrivers

 

Each gunsmith, firearms hobbyist or a gun owner should invest in some specialized gunsmithing screwdrivers. Why? Because hardware store screwdrivers are not same as screwdrivers made for gun smiths. Ordinary screwdrivers are not well suited for gun work and can damage screw edges and can damage the finish as you apply pressure, while specialized screwdrivers have tapered and beveled heads, which fit properly in most screw slots found on various types of guns. The blade needs to fill the screw head completely, as a perfect fit provides control, eliminates tilt and wobble, and prevents you to injure you hand and your weapon.

The two types used most often are magnetic-tipped and fixed-blade screwdrivers. Screwdrivers with magnetic tips have hollow magnetic ends, which hold the screw against the bit, and are quite handy when you’re working with the smallest gun screws. Fixed-blade screwdrivers provide more strength and maximum control.

We can suggest Brownells, as they have a wide selection of different single screwdrivers and sets, both with fixed blades and magnetic tips.

     
2. Gunsmith Pin Punch Set

Gunsmith Pin Punch Set

Pin punches are designed to easily remove roll pins from firearms which are encountered during the repair or assembling. You can purchase one pin punch, but it is recommended to buy a whole set, in order to have an appropriate size punch at hand (using the wrong size punch can cause the pin head to flare and can ruin the firearm surface. It is also recommended to have steel punches as well as brass punches. Brass punches won’t mar the surface as you tap in a pin, because it is much softer than the steel pins.

The balled tips of pin punches, like the ones from Grace USA, help locate the punch on the pin and they protect pin ends from damage during removal or installation.

Professional gunsmiths have an entire assembly of different types and sizes of punches, including at least starter punches, drift punches, pin punches and roll pin punches. It doesn’t matter whether you have one or many punches, important is to invest money in quality (brands like Brownells, Starrett, Craftsman are high-quality). Cheap punches will bend and brake plus get your workpiece in danger.

     
3. Gunsmith Hammers

Gunsmith Hummers

Hammers are used for hitting pins and getting them in their place. Of course, gunsmith hammers are designed to do so without leaving a scratch or chipping the surface of the gun. Most commonly used hammers are brass hammers, because brass won’t damage the steel and marks left by it can be removed quite easily. Brass hammers are used mostly for driving stubborn pins, freeing up choke tubes or tapping frozen screws.

You buy combined hammers, with heads made out of brass on one side and nylon on the other as nylon can be used during delicate jobs which require precision and carry danger of ruining the gun finish.

Second options is to buy ball-peen hammers, since they provide excellent balance and control during precision work on the one hand, and maximum striking force applied to a small area when using the ball-peen side. Experienced gunsmiths say that a small 14-ounce ball-peen hammer would be sufficient for most work.

Some also invest in gunsmith rawhide mallets like the C.S. Osborne mallets because rawhide hammers deliver precision blows which protect pins, punches and soft parts of the firearm and won’t damage wood nor metal. Dead blow rubber mallets are also recommended for minimizing the damage of the surface in cases where you need to apply some pressure, and a 14-ounce mallet would do the job perfectly.

Special packages: You also have the option to purchase these top 3 basic tools in a gunsmith tool kit, like the one from Grace USA. It’s a basic firearm care tool set which includes screwdriver and brass punch sets and an 8-ounce brass hammer.

Screwdrivers, punch pins and hammers are considered basic tools in case you want to just take the firearms apart and put them back together. However, 2 more tools are considered essential if you want to take good care of your firearms and want to make your job a lot easier.

      

   4. Gunsmith Vise

Gunsmith Vise

Every gunsmith or firearm enthusiast should invest in a good vise, as it is essential for holding a firearm still during repair work or assembly. Many coat vise’s jaws with leather, because the leather protects the firearm’s finish additionally, while others purchase protective soft magnetic jaws, like the ones here. Soft jaws are used, for example, for clamping down barrels and are designed to hold them firmly enough to get the job down without damaging them. Hard jaws (for example, made of heavy duty phenolic) are also handy and are used to clamp down heavy pieces without damaging the finish of a gun.

There are all kinds of bench vises for gunsmithing, like the ones that are fastened to the workbench or the ones that are secured to a block of wood. There are also vises that can be positioned both horizontally and vertically and that can be adapted to any job you are conducting whether sanding, soldering, stock work or drilling. It is especially useful when you work on small parts, like holding a trigger sear for stoning.

You can get by with small, temporary mounted clamp-on vise, but it’s always better to invest in a medium size (4-6 inch jaw size) vise which is permanently mounted on a workbench with a strong foundation. Make sure you attach it to your workbench in such a way that it allows you to approach your workpiece from every angle. After all, vise is one of gunsmith’s essential tools on his workbench, so invest in a good vise with rotating heads.

     

5. Bench Block

Gunsmith Bench Block

Bench blocks are used to stabilize parts of the fire weapon and prevent them from rolling during pin driving or pushing, which makes any detailed work much easier to perform.

Bench blocks are produced in various sizes, some are shaped based on the specific models of guns, and the holes in them let pins drop free. Because bench blocks cannot damage the firearm’s surface, they are made of materials such as wood, nylon or polyurethane.

What does it take to be a Gunsmith?

CHAPTER 3

What does it take to become a gunsmith (CRATEX)

You can say that a gunsmith is a person who repairs, customizes and/or builds firearms, but it won’t truly illustrate the skill set and width of knowledge a gunsmith must own to be able to do what he does. He can perform quite simple tasks, for example, inspecting, cleaning, disassembling and reassembling a firearm, but is also capable of performing complex tasks, including metal refinishing, wood and metal engraving, or design. Therefore, he must possess wide range of skills which make him part fabricator, part mechanic, part metalworker and wilder, woodworker and part an artist.

What Knowledge Does a Gun Smith Possess?

First, he needs to know his guns – must be familiar with all kinds of types and models of firearms to be able to customize their parts, analyze and improve their performance. He must possess knowledge in the use of numerous hand and power tools, measuring devices and machinist tools. Not only does he need to have machine shop knowledge, other required knowledge would be: mathematics, materials engineering, ballistics, chemistry, and, of course, running business. And above all, he must be a good artist, both when it comes to coming up with a design and transferring it on a piece of paper, and engraving or carving the wooden or metal part of the firearm.

Since the road to becoming a professional, master gunsmith is a long and exhausting one, and since not all gunsmiths can possess all previously mentioned skills, many of them focus on becoming specialist in preferred areas: custom building/designing, finishing work, stockmaking, checkering, engraving, some specialize in work on revolvers and pistols only (pistol smiths), and some become manufacturers of certain types of gun parts and focus on distribution and sale.

Take the career seriously. Plan to work as many hours as necessary to provide quality work. Always remember the firearm you are working on can take a life or save a life; make sure it is reliable.

Bill Poole, Poole's Gunsmithing

How to Jewel a Rifle Bolt

CHAPTER 5

How to Jewel a Rifle Bolt - CRATEX Article Series

Since the turn of the century, gunsmiths and firearm enthusiasts have been jeweling (or engine turning) different metal parts on their rifles and pistols to add a distinct look to their weapons. No bolt jeweling work is the same, as each craftsman has his own preferred and unique way to do it.

The reason behind firearm jeweling was initially only practical. Namely, it was done to create small pockets or tiny grooves that would retain oil better than a polished metal surface which would provide a smother action. The practice evolved into an aesthetic feature over time, and nowadays, the purpose of putting jewels on a gun is primarily decorative and the aim is to create a design that will separate a pistol or a rifle from all other pistols and rifles out there. And if done by a master gunsmith, jeweling could add immense value to an otherwise plain firearm.

In case you’ve never jeweled before, we advise that you start with jeweling flat surfaces first (find a piece of scrap metal and jewel away!). You’ll need to get a sense of pressure and distance between the swirls, and you’ll need to learn about patience and focus and keeping your hand steady. After you master flat surfaces, you can practice on a hardened metal rod a few times before jeweling the real thing. Jeweling round surfaces is a whole lot trickier. Usual difficulties that you can encounter are the swirls not coming out as even circles, but ovals with longer flat sides, or centers of the swirls that don’t get polished, but remain untouched by the jeweling tool. Crooked and miss spaced lines and step-overs, heavy or light swirls will all prevent your bolt to look pretty.

First, you'll need to figure out what looks good, and then how to work the surface at points where it changes from flat to round. Many gunsmiths feel that larger swirls are both more difficult and more unappealing, and that together with coarse spacing, you'll bolt might look a bit cheap. The recommendation would be to start with the 50% of swirl diameter overlapping. Pay attention to the pressure and the contact time.

But hey – it's not as horrible as it sounds. One positive thing about jeweling is that a quick polishing job can erase your mistakes and you can start over. Once you start getting a grip, you'll lose more time and be more efficient. Pretty soon you'll jewel other parts, such as hammer sides and even internal parts.

So, how do you jewel a bolt? Like jeweling any metal, it’s quite easy once you get the hang of it and you won’t need a whole lot of tools to do it. It all depends on how you're equipped, and there are a lot of tool combinations that can be quite sufficient. You’ll need to polish the bolt to a high shine, so you’ll need some high-quality polishing tool (check out Chapter 1), you’ll need a jig or a vice to hold the bolt, a drill press and a jeweling tool. These are basic tools. Of course, in case you have a drill press with a moveable table, mill drill or a mill, your job just became a whole lot easier.

While just about any cheap drill can be used for jeweling, the bolt jeweling jig that holds the workpiece is the thing that is really important. It can be a custom, homemade bolt jig made from wood or metal scraps and all you’ll need to make it is a little bit of imagination. The point is to create a mechanism that will allow consistent axial and lineal movement. You can also purchase a bolt jeweling fixture at various gunsmithing stores or at online gunsmithing tools retailer. Holding the workpiece depends on the kind of machine and tooling you have.

What would make your bolt jeweling process a whole lot easier is coming up with an indexing system for horizontal and rotational adjustments. There are a lot of ways to do this and you'll need a spin indexer and tail center. However, in case you don't have a spin indexer, just get a couple of clamps and a v-block.

In case you’re using a cross-slide vise and an old-school machine such the Unimat, one indexing strategy is to tape a piece of aluminum can on the vise as a pointer, and to tape a ruler printout around the bolt to indicate rotation.

The markings on the ruler will be used to get a uniform jeweling pattern by rotating the rifle bolt. The distance between each separate row should be the same and there should be sufficient overlap in the pattern. For the horizontal index you’ll use the Unimat’s moving carriage. The wheels should be turned for the same number of times between each successive mark to achieve sufficient overlap in the desired pattern. Last step would be to clamp the cross-slide vise to the Unimat’s carriage while making sure the vise is aligned properly to the lathe bed.

Next would be to apply a coating of an abrasive compound (e.g. silicon carbide 320 or 240) on the surface part, especially if you’re using a wire brush, as the wire brush alone won’t provide the desired look. In case you are using CRATEX sticks an abrasive compound is not essential. You'll need a holder for the stick to chuck it which you can purchase online. Simply place the CRATEX jeweling rod in the drill chuck with about 1" sticking out and you’re ready to go. Of course, you CAN use a lapping compound, we’ve seen that different gunsmiths have different preferences when it comes to the depth and overall look of the patterns. The main difference between a wire brush and CRATEX abrasive stick is that CRATEX gives a softer look to your swirls than the wire or some hard abrasive. Since it doesn't require an abrasive compound, it provides a much better visibility of the contact area and the way the tool is working the metal.

Now it’s time to turn on the drill press. Start on the outside of the area that you plan to jewel. A good idea is to slowly lower the bid first, just to get an idea about where the jeweling bid will contact the bolt before applying the actual contact. After you make sure everything is set the way it’s supposed to be, start applying consistent, light to moderate pressureon each swirl to create a jewel. CRATEX stick requires just a light pressure for about 8-15 seconds, so in case it squashes out, that's a sign that you applied too much pressure. You can go with 300-400 rpms in case you don't use any abrasive compound or go even to 1000-1500 in case you a mixture of water and oil as coolant. As for the grit, we recommend coarse or medium.

Move the carriage horizontally after each jewel to achieve the desired overlap. Repeat until you have completed a horizontal line of swirls that run lengthwise down the bolt.

After you’re finished with one row, rotate the bolt and begin creating the next row of swirls by overlapping it with the previous row. Also adjust the carriage horizontally to either stagger or offset the rows, so that there are no gaps between them.

NOTE: We already pointed out that each craftsman has his own way of putting on the decorative pattern on his or her firearm. As for overlapping, 50% is a rule of thumb, but you can overlap more or less; you can create straight lines or create swirls at an angle, you can use different compound, pressure, pressure duration, etc. Since there are no wrong or right ways to do it, we just described one of the possible ways.

After you’re done, it is time to rinse off the abrasive compound if any. In case you are using a water-based lapping compound, you can simply run the piece under water until it is clean. In case you are using an oil-based compound, rinse the piece with an appropriate solvent. Either way, just make sure you never wipe the compound off the piece as that can scratch the surface and cause hazing.

And there you have it! A cool rifle bolt with a unique and custom look.

Tools Needed for Jeweling a Rifle Bolt

To learn more about the history and the process of jeweling and to see how our trusted customers are using CRATEX products in various interesting projects, make sure you check out following articles:

Gunsmith Salary

CHAPTER 6

Gunsmith Salary - CRATEX Article Series

If you do a search on Google about gunsmithing salary, you’ll get a pretty straight answer $32,267 on average per year. Since this figure came out from five years old research we decided to dive deeper into these numbers and check firsthand how much money you can make as a gunsmith.

Is Gunsmithing a Good Career?

Like any other professions gunsmiths can earn a wide range of salaries depending on many circumstances, but most important is the experience and how long you are in the business. A simple fact is that gunsmithing is definitely not the highest paid job in the US but you can earn a decent living from it.  

According to PayScale research that is updated on September 27th, a gunsmith earns on average a wage of $15.51 per hour. The range of total pay goes from $24,520 to even $62,948. Six-figure gunsmith salaries are rarely reported and can be achieved by true experts and master gunsmiths.

Gunsmith (United States)
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Average Gunsmith Salary

Factors That Affect Gunsmith Salary  

How much money you can make depends on a lot of factors. They can be general for sure and influence your wage in the same way as other on a national level, but we’ll stress most important related to gunsmithing industry. Of course, we’ll assume this is your full-time job and not a hobby.

  • Factor #1 – Experience. This isn’t a #1 factor without a reason. As time goes by you will gain experience and be able to work on a delicate project like gun restoration, design, customization, etc. Working on complex projects (and doing it them right) will put you in a position for a higher hourly wage. 
  • Factor #2 – Reputation. There is no need to explain why reputation is important for every job. As you gain experience and skills your portfolio will become richer. A successfully completed task will build your reputation but be patient and don’t expect miracles to happen overnight. Building reputation needs time.
  • Factor #3 – Specialization. One of the factors that have the biggest impact on gunsmithing salaries. When you acquire basic knowledge as general gunsmith it is the right time to think about specialization. Engraver, custom designer or finisher are just some of the fields where you can focus and become an expert. Engraving whole or just part of the gun is more paid than simple gun cleaning.
  • Factor #4 - Do you run your own business? Running your own business usually means a higher salary (few gunsmiths reported $100,000 income per year), but this also brings some other risks as well. You need to worry about benefits, tools and breakages. Your paycheck is not guaranteed when you are your own boss. On the other hand, you have flexible working hours and freedom to work on projects you find tempting. Starting your own business just after graduating is maybe a not such a good idea. Consider the fact that tools can cost you more than $10K.
  • Factor #5 – School (certifications and training). Owning associate of occupational studies degree in gunsmithing or certificate and advanced training program can be a real boost to gunsmith salary. Additional degrees can put you in a position to ask for more when negotiating with a potential employer. Check Chapter 4 to see the best gunsmithing schools in the US or download our eBook with ALL gunsmithing schools with their contact information.
  • Factor #6 – State where you are doing business? Location of your shop or workshop (combination of retail gun store and gun repair shop) you are working for, along with local demand in most cases means different salaries too. Gunsmith salary in Texas is much higher compared to one in Mississippi. One of the highest paid states for gunsmiths is New York with $85,000 salary per year.

Extra Income

A lot of good gunsmiths do blogging as gun experts. They write specialized articles for online gun magazines, blogs or even forums. Some of them are great forum administrators. Since these blogs and forums have large audience many of them earn extra bucks renting web space for gun and armor shops.

Advice for Beginners

Like every other profession, gunsmithing has some specifics and uniqueness. Master gunsmiths have several pieces of advice especially for those who just graduated and are looking for their first job as gunsmiths:  

  1. Don’t worry about the money. As you are just starting out making $12 per hour plus benefits is very good.
  2. At the beginning of a carrier you need to learn as much as possible. Don’t think you know everything just because you have a gunsmith degree or certificate!
  3. At the beginning, your will mostly work on gun cleaning. Don’t let that discourage you.  
  4. Invest in the best tools you can afford. Never buy cheap ones!
  5. Invest in knowledge, accept new things (like using software for gun designing) and be willing to work long hours.
  6. Don’t accept work you are not capable to do, breakages will cost you a lot!
  7. Pay attention to every detail. That is the only way to build a reputation.
  8. Respect and adopt knowledge and experience of older gunsmiths. Learn their tips and tricks. It is not just about book knowledge.
  9. Don’t overload yourself!
  10. If you are going to sell guns as well, you need to be a good businessman too.
  11. Try to specialize in finishing, engraving and other gun customizations.
  12. Start creating your own knowledge base and library from the day one.

Don’t let figures mislead you. Read this interesting interview with the gunsmith, Ben Worthen. He describes how he got started, his education, what his working week looks like and finally how much money he can make as a gunsmith.

Jobs for Gunsmiths

If you are looking for available gunsmithing jobs in the US we recommend to do a search on Indeed.com and check if there is something interesting for you. According to this website, there is a big demand for gunsmiths in different positions and specializations across the US. Browsing opened positions you can have better insights on average gunsmith salary since you can filter results by Salary Estimate and Experience Level. 

Gunsmith Schools

CHAPTER 7

Gunsmith Schools - CRATEX Article Series

Choosing school or college can be very hard. Some even call it a lifetime decision. There are a lot of questions you need to answer that is for sure. One of them, maybe major one is – should I follow my heart or head?

Society and surrounding have deep impact and influence on those who need to make this hard decision. With so many colleges in US young person can be really overwhelmed. Well, this is not the case if you like guns!

Gun lovers don’t have doubts. Gunsmithing is like an art, age is not important! If you are in love with rifles and revolvers there is no alternative or second option. You have already made your decisions – you are going to gunsmith school!

In this chapter, you will find out all relevant info about best gunsmithing schools in the US. We will cover school location, costs, certificates and degrees they offer or other requirements that are specific and mandatory just for gunsmith education. One of them is background check or prior military service.

According to this research from 2016. The United States doubled the number of manufactured guns. With skyrocketed arms manufacturing and estimated overall number of 300 million guns in the US, there will always be a need for professional and educated gunsmith.

5 Top Gunsmithing Schools

Simply googling “gunsmithing schools near me“ will not do the trick here. There are a lot of schools (private and public) with gunsmith programs but if you really want to be a master gunsmith capable to not just modify or repair but design and build custom guns you need to check those we stressed in lines below.

At the end of this chapter, you can download eBook with the full list of gunsmithing schools in the US along with complete contact information.  

1. Yavapai College Gunsmithing School Arizona

Gunsmithing program at Yavapai College started back in 1969. Today this is one of the most trusted institutions when it comes to gunsmith education. It is located in Prescot, Arizona. The school has been accredited by Higher Learning Commission and according to online reviews is among top three nationwide gunsmithing schools. Graduates easily find a job after graduation. 

It is an important to admonish that all students who apply for certain programs must be 21 years old or more or have military service. This gunsmithing school in Arizona will teach you how to: disassembly and assembly handguns and rifles, measure, metal shop (use different machines and tools), metal refinishing, engraving, ballistics, install optics and many more. 

After completing the program in 24 months students gain AAS degree in Gunsmithing.

There are two levels of certification: Gunsmithing and Advanced Gunsmithing. To achieve gunsmith certificate at this college you need to accomplish following courses:

  • Apprentice gunsmithing,
  • Journeyman gunsmithing,
  • Professional gunsmithing and
  • Master gunsmithing.

The advanced certificate requires accomplishing Guild firearm course, Competition firearms and CNC machining.

To calculate tuition cost use college calculator. Students have to purchase tools used over the semester but there are many financial options available from colleges like loans, grants and scholarships. According to tuition data from U.S. Department of Education National Center for Education Statistics 2015/2016 cost for Arizona residents was $15,256 or $21,880 for non-residents.

School Official Website

2. Lassen Community College Gunsmithing Program

Lassen Community College is one of the oldest gunsmithing schools in the US founded in 1945. It is located in Susanville, northeast California. Every academic year college welcome 22 new students for gunsmith programs. 

At Lassen College, you can earn gunsmith degree in 24 months or four semesters. At the program completion students can gain six Certificates of Achievement and Accomplishment:

  • General gunsmithing,
  • Firearms repair,
  • Gunsmith machinist and metal finishing,
  • Riflesmith,
  • Pistolsmith and long gun.

You can gain and two Associate in Science degrees – General Gunsmithing (click here for program cost) and Firearms repair (click here for program cost).

Students are required to purchase their own gunsmith tools. The complete list of required tools can be found on this link. Students also need to provide guns for coursework for both semesters. List of guns required per year can be found at this here.  

Because students need to provide guns and tools for their gunsmithing education cost can be pretty high. That is the main drawback, basic gunsmith tools and guns for the second year can cost several thousand dollars. Financing is available for some students that meet requirements.

School Official Website

 

3. Trinidad State College Gunsmithing Program

Colorado gunsmith school was found in 1947. by well-known gunsmith and columnist Parker Otto Ackley. Parker was also responsible for many firearm patents we use even today. Over the years Trinidad State College became home of one of the most advanced two-year gunsmithing program in the US.

Why is this program so popular? Employment rate after graduating from Trinidad gunsmithing school is more than 80%! But that is not all, well-balanced curriculum makes graduates prepared for every gunsmithing job.

Program cover following gunsmith areas:

  • Stockmaking,
  • Repair,
  • Machine tools,
  • Hand tools, metal finishes and customization.

Students can choose between AAS degree in Gunsmithing or Gunsmithing Certificate. Students need 72 credit hours for A.A.S. degree and 57 credit hours for the certificate. Other certificates you can gain are Brownell’s firearm tech instructor, NRA Safety instructor, Gunsmithing Technician and Gunsmithing Fine Arts.

College is also a member of National Rifle Association (NRA) Summer Schools.  

Tuition fee for TSJC’s Gunsmithing Degree Program is around $18K. The college offers different financial aids like loans and work-study programs.

School Official Website

4. Colorado School of Trades

Colorado Gunsmithing School deserved its place on our top 5 list of schools with fantastic gunsmith education program established 1947. College is located in Lakewood just a few miles from Denver.

For more than seven decades this schools sets highest standards with the custom approach to every student. If guns are your passion and you want to progress beyond conventional educational limits this can be a perfect place for you. It is easy to find former school students in almost every reputable gun shop in the US.

Upon program completion, graduates will receive an Associate of Occupational Studies Degree in Gunsmithing. The program is 14 months long.

 Colorado School of Trades gunsmithing program is divided into 4 main courses:

  1. Basic course,
  2. Machine shop course,
  3. Stockmaking course,
  4. Design and Function course.

Students spent 350 hours for the Basic course to 800 hours for Design & Function course. A total number of hours is 1800. Most of the hours will be spent in 15.000 sq. ft. laboratory – 1505 hours. Other are utilized in classrooms.

To estimate gunsmith course cost please visit school net price calculator. Average cost is around $10K. This school also offer financial aids as loans, scholarships and grants. 

School is not just gunsmith oriented. They value business aspects as well. All students learn how to succeed in gunsmithing career. School coordinators help students to prepare for job interview, write a CV and even start their own business. 

School Official Website 

 

5. Pennsylvania Gunsmith School

Pennsylvania Gunsmith School is located in Avalon, near Pittsburgh PA. This private school is accredited by ACCSC (Accrediting Commission of Schools and Colleges) and had been teaching gunsmithing since 1949.

The Master Gunsmithing program last for 16 months and average annual cost for students receiving federal aid is $22,102. To get estimate training cost visit school net price calculator. Financial Aid is available for those who qualify - Pell Grants, Stafford Loans and PLUS Loans. Graduation rate according to data from 2014. is 88%.

During 16 months students will be trained for entry-level gunsmithing jobs. Program evolves every year to follow latest gunsmithing trends but you should know that focus is on hands-on work. Instructors with vast experience in this field physically demonstrate skills and techniques that students need to repeat. Program cover rifles, handguns, shotguns and muzzle loading arms.

The program at PGS is fully gunsmith focused, therefore, other courses (like writing and English) are not required for program completion.

School Official Website

Use the link below to get eBook with the complete list of gunsmith schools in the US with full contact information: school location, official website, email, phone and email.

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